Canada

Description

West Coast Trail

Canada: the world's fourth largest country, after Russia, China, United States. When the water area is included, Canada is the second largest. A vast land area between 41 and 84 degrees. The southernmost tip is on the same latitude as Rome. The northernmost tip is near the North Pole. The USA are only slightly larger, but count 10 times as many inhabitants.

From east to west, the country displays a great geographical diversity. The Appalachian Mountains run through to Newfoundland on Canada's east coast. Going west, we encounter the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Lowlands. Further west lie the vast Canadian Interior Plains, hot summers, cold winters. Further west still, we hit the mountains of the Continental Divide, including the Canadian Rockies. The western coastline finally is green and sparsely populated. Most of Canada's land mass is virtually uninhabited: the Arctic part of Canada.

The hiking trails in Canada are as varied as the landscape. You have a wide choice of trails:

  1. Multi-use Trailways (eg Newfoundland T'railway). Many old railways have been turned into use as recreation trail, which is a very good thing of course. On these paths, cycling is probably more popular than walking, depending on the quality of the surface. Trailways typically are open to hiking, horse riding, cycling, cross country skiing and sometimes snowmobiling in winter;
  2. Wilderness hikes (for example the West Coast Trail, Canol Heritage Trail). These are rough trails, far from civilization, meant for experienced hikers who are prepared to dragging everything with them for an extended period;
  3. Long trails (eg the National Hiking Trail of Canada, Trans Canada Trail). These are semi-permanent projects to create a trail bigger than big. The Trans Canada Trail is a multiuse trail from the east coast to the west coast. Efforts to create a second trail, which is intended solely for walkers, presumably are not very succesful yet: the National Hiking Trail of Canada;
  4. Recreation Trails (For example the Niagara River Recreation Trail, visiting the Niagara Falls). These are easier paths, often multi-use, through nature, forest, fields and farmlands. Often they also have some historical significance. Along the way, options for sleeping often include hotels and B&B's beside campgrounds;
  5. The national and provincial parks offer a choice of shorter and longer walks. These trails are not allways known by a name. An advantage of this type of hiking are the often good camping facilities amidst beautiful scenery. The downside are the large crowds.

As mentioned before, trails are frequently multi-use. On the one hand there is a Canadian lobby to allow the widest possible public access to these public funded trails, including snowmobiling. On the other hand there is a counter lobby to exclusively designate these trails to the serious nature lover who is walking or skiing at most. To make things worse, we have to count on many ATV enthusiasts, who, with their noisy quads destroy the trails and squander nature. In short: war.

To conclude our brief introduction, let's spend some words to the famous Canadian bug. This is not one particular species of small animals, it is rather a collective noun for any annoying insect that you might encounter in nature, often in large numbers, such as black flies, mosquitoes, midges and deer flies. These hateful little creature often bite. They can be a plague, especially during the summer months, depending on weather conditions, humidity, and habitat. In spring they are not so numerous which makes for a more relaxed time on trail. But then there are obviously other pests, such as mud and snow.

From the small bite to the big bite: Canada has healthy populations of black bears, grizzly bears, polar bears and secretive but potentially dangerous cougars (puma's). Nature is wild and beautiful, especialy in Canada.

Map

Hiking Map Canada NW Hiking Map Canada NE

Hiking Map Canada SW Hiking Map Canada SE

Trails

Regions

States

Books

The Book Depository
United Kingdom
The Book Depository
United Kingdom
Stanfords
United Kingdom
  • DK Eyewitness Travel Guide Las Vegas
  • Explore this hedonistic city, from the casinos and attractions of the Las Vegas strip hotels - gondola rides at The Venetian and relaxing at Wynn Las Vegas - to the Fremont Street Experience and downtown. Seven itineraries, two guided walks and one scenic drive cover all the key areas. The DK Eyewitness Travel Guide Las Vegas showcases the... Read more
Stanfords
United Kingdom
2020
  • DK Eyewitness Pacific Northwest: Oregon, Washington and British Columbia
  • Follow the call of the wild to the pristine Pacific NorthwestWhether you want to hike through the spellbinding landscape of the Rockies, unwind with homebrewed beer in Portland or venture to Vancouver for immersive galleries and innovative dining, your DK Eyewitness travel guide makes sure you experience all that the Pacific Northwest has to... Read more
Bol.com
Netherlands
  • The Cambridge Gazetteer of the USA and Canada
  • Originally published in 1995, The Cambridge Gazetteer of the United States and Canada contains more than 12,000 entries of places of all kinds. It is a detailed, alphabetically arranged enyclopedic dictionary of places. It includes coverage of all cities and towns having populations of over 25,000. But the Cambridge Gazetteer is far more than a... Read more
  • Also available from:
  • Bol.com, Belgium
» Click to open
Bol.com
Belgium
  • The Cambridge Gazetteer of the USA and Canada
  • Originally published in 1995, The Cambridge Gazetteer of the United States and Canada contains more than 12,000 entries of places of all kinds. It is a detailed, alphabetically arranged enyclopedic dictionary of places. It includes coverage of all cities and towns having populations of over 25,000. But the Cambridge Gazetteer is far more than a... Read more
» Click to close
Bol.com
Netherlands
  • A Casual Traveler
  • A Casual Traveler is a collection of short travel tales and poems from the author's personal travels over a three year period. The stories take you to countries in Southeast Asia, North, Central, and South America. Motorcycle trips take you across Canada and the United States. The stories are true adventures, and misadventures, the author... Read more
  • Also available from:
  • Bol.com, Belgium
» Click to open
Bol.com
Belgium
  • A Casual Traveler
  • A Casual Traveler is a collection of short travel tales and poems from the author's personal travels over a three year period. The stories take you to countries in Southeast Asia, North, Central, and South America. Motorcycle trips take you across Canada and the United States. The stories are true adventures, and misadventures, the author... Read more
» Click to close
Bol.com
Netherlands
  • CANADA 6
  • A comprehensive travel guide to Canada, now in its sixth edition, this text also provides background information on the country's history, culture and politics. Features of the book include: a special section covering Canada's national parks and 12 World Heritage sites; 97 updated maps; Canadian French and Canadian English language sections;... Read more
  • Also available from:
  • Bol.com, Belgium
» Click to open
Bol.com
Belgium
  • CANADA 6
  • A comprehensive travel guide to Canada, now in its sixth edition, this text also provides background information on the country's history, culture and politics. Features of the book include: a special section covering Canada's national parks and 12 World Heritage sites; 97 updated maps; Canadian French and Canadian English language sections;... Read more
» Click to close
Bol.com
Netherlands
  • Water, Weather and the Mountain West
  • Growing populations, increasing industrial use and heavy agricultural demand are beginning to tax water supplies in many regions of Canada. Since many rivers are already fully allocated to numerous uses, future economic and social development will depend upon how much we know about our surface and ground water resources and how effectively we... Read more
  • Also available from:
  • Bol.com, Belgium
» Click to open
Bol.com
Belgium
  • Water, Weather and the Mountain West
  • Growing populations, increasing industrial use and heavy agricultural demand are beginning to tax water supplies in many regions of Canada. Since many rivers are already fully allocated to numerous uses, future economic and social development will depend upon how much we know about our surface and ground water resources and how effectively we... Read more
» Click to close
Bol.com
Netherlands
2017
  • NG Guide to the National Parks of Canada, 2nd Edition
  • This completely updated guidebook shows you how to make the most out of your visit to Canada's 47 gorgeous national parks, just in time for Canada's 150th birthday--from Cape Breton Highlands to Banff to Pacific Rim National Park Preserve, plus the five newest additions: Naats'ihch'oh National Park Reserve, Mealy Mountains, Rouge Urban,... Read more
  • Also available from:
  • Bol.com, Belgium
  • De Zwerver, Netherlands
» Click to open
Bol.com
Belgium
2017
  • NG Guide to the National Parks of Canada, 2nd Edition
  • This completely updated guidebook shows you how to make the most out of your visit to Canada's 47 gorgeous national parks, just in time for Canada's 150th birthday--from Cape Breton Highlands to Banff to Pacific Rim National Park Preserve, plus the five newest additions: Naats'ihch'oh National Park Reserve, Mealy Mountains, Rouge Urban,... Read more
De Zwerver
Netherlands
2017
  • Reisgids National Parks of Canada | National Geographic
  • Per provincie worden de parken helder beschreven en aangevuld met duidelijke kaarten en prachtige foto's zoals we van National Geographic gewend zijn levert dit een complete gids op. This completely updated guidebook shows you how to make the most out of your visit to Canada's 47 gorgeous national parks, just in time for Canada's 150th... Read more
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Bol.com
Netherlands
  • Canada West
  • • Waterproof • Tear-Resistant • Travel MapNational Geographic's Canada West AdventureMap is designed to meet the needs of adventure travelers with its durability and detailed, accurate information. The map includes the locations of cities and towns with a user-friendly index, a clearly marked road network complete with distances and... Read more
  • Also available from:
  • Bol.com, Belgium
  • De Zwerver, Netherlands
» Click to open
Bol.com
Belgium
  • Canada West
  • • Waterproof • Tear-Resistant • Travel MapNational Geographic's Canada West AdventureMap is designed to meet the needs of adventure travelers with its durability and detailed, accurate information. The map includes the locations of cities and towns with a user-friendly index, a clearly marked road network complete with distances and... Read more
De Zwerver
Netherlands
  • Wegenkaart - landkaart 3113 Adventure Map Canada West | National Geographic
  • • Waterproof • Tear-Resistant • Travel MapNational Geographic's Canada West AdventureMap is designed to meet the needs of adventure travelers with its durability and detailed, accurate information. The map includes the locations of cities and towns with a user-friendly index, a clearly marked road network complete with distances and... Read more
» Click to close
Bol.com
Netherlands
  • Insight Guides Travel Map Canada West
  • Insight Travel Map Canada West:This detailed travel map is all you need to plan your route and navigate your way around Western Canada, and also includes area highlights, top attractions, places of interest, streetplans, and a fabulous free app.· Travel Map Canada West is drawn to a scale of 1:4 million, and shows the entire country, complete... Read more
  • Also available from:
  • Bol.com, Belgium
» Click to open
Bol.com
Belgium
  • Insight Guides Travel Map Canada West
  • Insight Travel Map Canada West:This detailed travel map is all you need to plan your route and navigate your way around Western Canada, and also includes area highlights, top attractions, places of interest, streetplans, and a fabulous free app.· Travel Map Canada West is drawn to a scale of 1:4 million, and shows the entire country, complete... Read more
» Click to close
Bol.com
Netherlands
  • 1,000 Places to See in the United States and Canada Before You Die
  • Covering the U.S.A. and Canada like never before, and for the first time with full-color photographs, here are 1,000 compelling, essential, offbeat, utterly unforgettable places. Pristine beaches and national parks, world-class museums and the Just for Laughs festival, mountain resorts, salmon-rich rivers, scenic byways, the Oyster Bar and the... Read more
  • Also available from:
  • Bol.com, Belgium
» Click to open
Bol.com
Belgium
  • 1,000 Places to See in the United States and Canada Before You Die
  • Covering the U.S.A. and Canada like never before, and for the first time with full-color photographs, here are 1,000 compelling, essential, offbeat, utterly unforgettable places. Pristine beaches and national parks, world-class museums and the Just for Laughs festival, mountain resorts, salmon-rich rivers, scenic byways, the Oyster Bar and the... Read more
» Click to close
Bol.com
Netherlands
  • Why Travel Solo ?
  • <b>WHY TRAVEL SOLO?</b></p><em><b>The twelve ways traveling solo changes your personality and transforms your life</b></em></p>Do you want to have new experiences, meet new friends, gain confidence? Do it safely, comfortably, uniquely? Then this is the book for you.</p><h2>UNLOCK YOUR... Read more
  • Also available from:
  • Bol.com, Belgium
» Click to open
Bol.com
Belgium
  • Why Travel Solo ?
  • <b>WHY TRAVEL SOLO?</b></p><em><b>The twelve ways traveling solo changes your personality and transforms your life</b></em></p>Do you want to have new experiences, meet new friends, gain confidence? Do it safely, comfortably, uniquely? Then this is the book for you.</p><h2>UNLOCK YOUR... Read more
» Click to close
More books…

Maps

Stanfords
United Kingdom
  • Canada IGN Map 85101
  • Colourful IGN map of Canada at 1:4,000,000 scale with topography shown by countours, elevation colouring, and spot heights. Road network includes seasonal roads and tracks, indicating petrol stations and intermediate distances on major roads. The map also shows places of interest, forest reserves, post offices, medical facilities, selected... Read more
Stanfords
United Kingdom
  • Cañada de Jara CNIG Topographic Map 1077-II
  • Topographic coverage of mainland Spain at 1:25,000 published by the Centro Nacional de Información Geograficá, the country’s civilian survey organization. The maps have contours at 10m intervals and colouring and/or graphics to show different types of vegetation or land use. Boundaries of national parks and other protected areas are marked. In... Read more
Stanfords
United Kingdom
  • Canada del Gallego CNIG Topo 976-3
  • Topographic coverage of mainland Spain at 1:25,000 published by the Centro Nacional de Información Geograficá, the country’s civilian survey organization. The maps have contours at 10m intervals and colouring and/or graphics to show different types of vegetation or land use. Boundaries of national parks and other protected areas are marked. In... Read more
Stanfords
United Kingdom
  • World & Flags Hema Political Pacific-Centred
  • The world at 1:40,850,000 presented with Pacific Ocean in the centre on a double-sided folded map from the Australian publishers Hema; political version on one side and a physical map on the reverse. Each side shows the land masses against the background of light blue oceans with bathymetric tints to reflect the depth of the ocean floor. Polar... Read more
Stanfords
United Kingdom
  • Garibaldi Provincial Park ITMB
  • Garibaldi Provincial Park at 1:50,000 in a series of topographic survey maps of selected areas of British Columbia and the Canadian Rockies from ITMB with cartography from Canada’s national survey organization. Most sheets are printed on light, waterproof and tear- resistant plastic paper.Whilst the Canadian Department of Natural Resources... Read more
De Zwerver
Netherlands
2008
  • Wegenkaart - landkaart Canada | Hallwag
  • Kanada Strassenkarte ab 11.95 EURO Karte mit Distoguide, Reiseinformationen mit Piktogrammen, Sehenswürdigkeiten, Nationalparks und Monumenten, States BeeTagg und Index. 1:4 Mio. Road Map Hallwag Straßenkarte. 4. Auflage, Laufzeit bis 2017 Read more
De Zwerver
Netherlands
  • Wandelkaart 13 Best of Lake Louise Map and Guide | Gem Trek Maps
  • Mooie, gedetailleerde kaart uit de serie van Gem Trek Hiking map-guides, van het gebied Lake Louise. Helder kleurgebruik en met de beste / mooiste wandelroutes, hikes, fietsroutes, autoroutes en interessante plaatsen erop aangegeven. This map is designed for people who only plan to be in the Lake Louise area for one to three days, and want to... Read more
De Zwerver
Netherlands
De Zwerver
Netherlands
De Zwerver
Netherlands
De Zwerver
Netherlands
Stanfords
United Kingdom
  • Waterton Lakes National Park Gem Trek Map
  • Waterton Lakes National Park in British Columbia with the northern part of the Glacier National Park across the US border in Montana at 1:50,000 on a light, waterproof and tear-resistant map from Gem Trek with descriptions of recommended treks and bike trails, etc.Contours are at 25m intervals, enhanced by relief shading and colouring for... Read more
  • Also available from:
  • De Zwerver, Netherlands
» Click to open
De Zwerver
Netherlands
  • Wandelkaart 16 Waterton Lakes NP | Gem Trek Maps
  • The Waterton Lakes National Park map is one of our most popular trail map-guides for the Canadian Rockies. This map covers all of Waterton Lakes National Park, the eastern end of Akamina-Kishinena Provincial Park, and the Goat Haunt or northern area of Glacier National Park, Montana, at the south end of Upper Waterton Lake. The front of the map... Read more
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More maps…

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